Brett Weston (1911 – 1993)
Brett Weston seemed destined at birth to become one of our greatest American photographic artists. Born in Los Angeles in 1911, the second son of photographer Edward Weston, he had perhaps the closest artistic relationship with his famous father of all four of the Weston sons. In 1925, Edward removed Brett from school and took him to Mexico, where the fourteen year old became his father’s apprentice. Surrounded by revolutionary artists of the day, such as TIna Modotti, Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera, and influenced by the striking contrast of life in Mexico, it was there that Brett first began making photographs with a small Graflex 3 1/4 x 4 1/4 camera. The introduction to modern art the younger Weston received via the work of painters Rivera and Jose Clemente Orozco, unquestionably influenced his sense of form and composition. A quality of design was evident in Brett’s early images of organic and man-made objects. He appreciated how the camera transformed subjects close up and how the contrast of black and white further altered the recognition of
a scene. It is therefore not difficult to understand his tendency to abstraction, by which he would be further identified throughout his sixty year career. Returning to California in 1926, Brett continued to assist his father in his Glendale portrait studio while exhibiting and selling his own photographs. At the age of eighteen, a group of his images was included in the German exhibition, Film und Foto. It was considered to be one of the most avant-garde exhibitions held between the two World Wars. This recognition brought the younger Weston international attention and inclusion in numerous photographic exhibitions in the following years. Although his art will forever be associated with his father’s, it is unfair to continue to suggest that Brett’s style was overly imitative of Edward’s beyond those early years, given what we have discovered in an enormous body of work produced over six decades. In 1929, Brett and his father moved to Carmel, California, where the Weston family, including Brett’s three brothers, would maintain homes for the rest of their lives. At various time, Brett lived in Los Angeles, where he had his own studio and portrait business, and in New York, where he was stationed in the army. He also traveled extensively on personal photographic trips to Europe, Japan, Alaska and Hawaii. Following a 1947 Guggenheim Fellowship, which he used to photograph along the east coast, he moved to Carmel to pursue only fine art work, including wood sculpture that was influenced by his own photographs. Throughout the decades of the 1950s and 1970s, Brett Weston’s style changed sharply and was characterized by high contrast, abstract imagery. The subjects he chose were, for the most part, not unlike what interested him early in his career: plant leaves, knotted roots and tangled kelp along the beach. He concentrated mostly on close-ups and abstracted details, but his prints reflected a preference for high contrast that reduced his subjects to pure form. In the late 1970s and into the 1980s, Weston spent much of his time in Hawaii, where he said, “I have found in this environment, everything I could want to interpret about the world photographically.” He died at one of his two Hawaiian homes in Kona in January, 1993.